Smart, Christopher

(1722-1771)
   Born in Kent, and educated at Durham, northeast England, he graduated M.A. from Pembroke Hall (now Pembroke College), Cambridge, in 1747 and was elected a fellow in 1745. In 1750 his poem "Hymn to the Supreme Being" won the Seatonian Prize, which helped him to pay his creditors. From 1751 until he died, he suffered from bouts of mental illness of a religious nature and spent many years in one hospital or another. Between 1751 and 1753, under the pseudonym "Mary Midnight," he ran a cheap journal, the Midwife, or the Old Woman's Magazine, where many of his compositions appeared under the pseudonym "Pentweazle." He died in the debtors' prison and was buried in St. Paul's Churchyard. Some of his publications: Hannah: An Oratorio, 1764. Hymns for the Amusement of Children, 1772. Poems on Several Occasions, 1763. The Parables of Jesus Christ, 1768. A Song to David, 1763. The Works of Horace, 1767. Some of his poems: "A Morning Hymn," "A Story of a Cock and a Bull," "Apollo and Daphne," "Inscriptions on an Aeolian Harp," "The Hop-Garden," "The Stars."
   Sources: A Sacrifice of Praise: An Anthology of Christian Poetry in English from Caedmon to the Mid-Twentieth Century. James H. Trott, ed. Cumberland House Publishing, 1999. Chapters into Verse, Vol. II: Gospels to Revelation. Robert Atwan and Laurance Wieder, eds. Oxford University Press, 1993. Christopher Smart: Selected Poems. Karina Williamson and Marcus Walsh, eds. Penguin Books, 1990. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources (http://library.stanford.edu). The Cherry-Tree. Geoffrey Grigson, ed. Phoenix House, 1959. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Book of Children's Verse. Iona Opie and Peter Opie, eds. Oxford University Press, 1973. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smart, Christopher — ▪ English poet born April 11, 1722, Shipbourne, Kent, Eng. died May 21, 1771, London  English religious poet, best known for A Song to David (1763), in praise of the author of the Psalms, notable for flashes of childlike penetration and vivid… …   Universalium

  • SMART, CHRISTOPHER —    English poet, born in Kent; was a Fellow of Cambridge and a friend of Johnson s; author of the Song to David, now famous, much overrated, think some; he was subject to insanity, and it was written during lucid intervals; he was the author of a …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Smart, Christopher — (1722 1771)    Poet, s. of the steward to Lord Vane, was b. at Shipbourne, Kent, and by the bounty of the Duchess of Cleveland sent to Camb. Here his ill balanced mind showed itself in wild folly. Leaving the Univ. he came to London and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Christopher Smart — Born 11 April 1722(1722 04 11) Shipbourne, England Died 21 May 1771(1771 05 21) (age …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Smart — Nacimiento 11 de abril de 1722 Shipbourne, Ingla …   Wikipedia Español

  • Smart — [smärt] Christopher 1722 71; Eng. poet …   English World dictionary

  • Christopher Smart's asylum confinement — Christopher Smart The English poet Christopher Smart (1722–1771) was confined to mental asylums from May 1757 until January 1763. Smart was admitted into St Luke s Hospital for Lunatics …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Smart's alleged madness — It was alleged by many who knew Christopher Smart that he was mad during the mid 1750s. On 6 May 1757, he was admitted into St Luke s Hospital for Lunatics, Bethnal Green, London, by his father in law, John Newbery. Although many felt that Smart… …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Smart — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Smart (homonymie). Christopher Smart Christopher Smart (11 avril 1722 à Shipbourne – 21 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christopher Reeve — en 1985. Nombre real Christopher D Olier Reeve Nacimiento 25 de abril de …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.